What is a Beamer in Cricket?

When you are a bowler in cricket, things are pretty simple. It’s all about outsmarting the batsman, by using all kinds of tricks and techniques. But at the same time, bowlers are required to deliver the ball with excellent precision and control. Otherwise, they can pose a danger to the batsman. We are talking about the term called beamer, a thing that can have a significant impact not just on the match outcome, but also on batsman’s safety. With all that in mind, this article is all about understanding this specific situation, essential for players, officials and pretty much everyone involved in cricket. 

What is a Beamer in Cricket?

So, let’s try to give a short definition first. A beamer would be a specific kind of delivery when a fast bowler delivers the ball toward the batsman’s head or upper body. Now, things probably sound a little bit clearer, considering that it becomes obvious that the beamer term comes from the situation where the ball is beaming at the batsman. Of course, it is usually unintentionally directed, but the problem is in the fact that beamers are usually bowled at high speed, so batsmen have no or very little time to react because they are all expecting a normally delivered ball, at typical heights.

As we’ve just mentioned, a beamer is typically an unintentional thing, so it usually occurs when a bowler’s hand slips or loses control in any other way during delivery. This leads to the ball delivery in a higher trajectory than bowlers normally expect. It travels at head height, something even higher. And, as we are talking about pretty impressive speeds the ball moves, delivering the ball in such a direction can be extremely dangerous, as it can hit the batsman in the head or upper body, which can, in some scenarios, cause pretty serious injuries. 

So, you probably wonder now how beamers are regulated in cricket. Well, things aren’t as strict as some would expect. Occasional beamers are usually not sanctioned, as they are considered unintentional. But, if it repeats, or officials figure out that there was a deliberate attempt, well, then it’s time for penalties. Typically, the umpires issue a warning first but if beamers continue, then the bowler can be removed.

To prevent beamers, bowlers are taught to maintain control over their deliveries and ensure that the ball is released at the correct height. However, despite their best efforts, beamers can still occur, particularly under pressure or when bowlers are fatigued.

Safety Concerns

A beamer in cricket refers to a dangerous ball directed to the batsman’s head height and above without first bouncing on the pitch. They are under hazardous conditions since the ball is directional and fast, raising the possibility of hitting the hand or head of the batsman. It results in the risks of player concussions or hand-breaking hence need to remain in the law book and player motivation.

  • Beamers are deliveries in cricket that reach head height or higher without bouncing.
  • They pose a significant risk of injury to the batsman, especially to the head or upper body.
  • High speed and trajectory increase the likelihood of serious injuries such as concussions or fractures.
  • Player safety is paramount, and measures must be taken to prevent beamers and enforce penalties for bowlers who bowl them repeatedly.


Intent is another important factor when it comes to beamers in cricket. Sure, most beamers occur when a bowler has no control over their deliveries. However, the question of intent sometimes arises. A bowler systematically aiming to bowl beamers is considered to be a poor display of sportsmanship. In the cricketing fraternity, it would be considered a bad form to do so. Not only does it endanger the batsman, but attempting to bowl beamers also goes against the spirit of fair play that cricket stands for. In this regard, it is essential for players to respect the sanctity of the game and avoid bowling dangerous deliveries.

  • Intent refers to the deliberate actions or motives behind a bowler's delivery in cricket.
  • Most beamers are unintended and result from a bowler's loss of control during the delivery.
  • Deliberate attempts to bowl beamers are considered unsportsmanlike behaviour.
  • Such actions endanger the safety of the batsman and violate the spirit of fair play.
  • Players must prioritise integrity and sportsmanship by refraining from intentionally bowling dangerous deliveries like beamers.

Safety Concerns

Umpire Discretion

During cricket matches, the umpire’s discretion is vital in beamer adjudication. This is a situation where an umpire has to decide if a particular delivery is a beamer and in its affirmation, determine what action to take. Important aspects to consider include the ball’s height and safety trajectory, the bowler’s intention in bowling a beamer, and the threat to the batsman. A first offence may only merit a warning to the bowler while an umpire has to fine or penalise the bowler more when repeatedly infarcted or as a form of specific recommendation to deter the negative behaviour. Their umpire discretion should enable the fairness and safety of the pitch.

  • Umpires are responsible for making decisions regarding beamers during cricket matches.
  • They assess factors such as the height, trajectory, and intent of the delivery.
  • Umpires have the authority to issue warnings to bowlers for a first offence.
  • Penalties may escalate for repeated offences or deliberate actions.
  • Their decisions are crucial for maintaining fairness and safety on the cricket field.

Player Responsibility

Safety is a key element of player responsibility in cricket. Players have a duty to ensure that no harm transpires to any of the individuals on the field. Bowlers have a critical responsibility to maintain control over their actions, safeguarding against dangerous deliveries like beamers. Maintaining the ideal bowling technique and staying at the highest level of focus could reduce the chance of making a misdirected delivery. Additionally, bowlers have a responsibility to understand the implications of their actions and act accordingly. They need to make a reasonable effort to avoid injury to the batsman by trying to bowl legitimate deliveries. Finally, players need to exhibit fair play and safety behaviours by following the rules at all times.

  • Players, particularly bowlers, have a responsibility to ensure the safety of all participants on the cricket field.
  • Bowlers must control their deliveries and avoid bowling dangerous beamers by maintaining proper technique and concentration.
  • Awareness of surroundings and potential consequences is crucial for preventing injuries to the batsman.
  • Players must prioritise safety and fair play by adhering to the rules and regulations of the game.


The consequences for bowlers caught by bowling beamers in cricket depend on the severity of the crime, the nature of the delivery, the bowler’s intent, and the frequency of the beamer. A beamer, if deemed as an accident by the umpire not to be a bowler’s regular delivery, is usually given the benefit of the doubt as long as it is the first offence. However, if a bowler continues with beamers or if there is any evidence of intention, the consequences become worse. The consequences can range from mere fines to suspension of the bowler from bowling for a certain number of overs or even the catcher from the field of play. Repeated offences could also result in further disciplinary action by cricketing authorities, such as bans from playing other matches or even the whole tournament. The consequences are therefore meant to deter beams from attempting to engage in such criminal or unsportsmanlike behaviour.

  • Consequences for bowlers who bowl beamers depend on the severity and frequency of the offence, as well as the intent behind the delivery.
  • A warning may be issued by the umpire for a first offence if the beamer is deemed unintentional or infrequent.
  • Persistent beamers or evidence of deliberate intent can lead to more severe penalties, such as fines, suspension from bowling, or expulsion from the match.
  • Repeated instances of dangerous bowling behaviour may result in further disciplinary action from cricketing authorities, including bans from future matches or tournaments.
  • The consequences aim to deter bowlers from engaging in unsafe or unsportsmanlike behaviour on the cricket field.



Preventing beamers in cricket is a function of technical skill, focus, and bowlers’ proper observance of proper bowling best practices. Specifically, bowlers should be inclined to release the ball at the optimal height and with reasonable control. This is only possible when the bowlers have practised for an extended period and perfected the art of bowling through the creation of muscle memory. Additionally, bowlers should endeavour to maintain attention and focus when making the delivery stride to minimise the chances of making errant deliveries. The grip on the ball and body positioning, the overall release, and the follow-through are key success factors. Evidently, the likelihood of making dangerous beamers on the cricket pitch is reduced.

  • Preventing beamers in cricket involves developing technical skills and adhering to proper bowling techniques.
  • Bowlers must prioritise control over their deliveries, ensuring that the ball is released at the intended height and trajectory.
  • Consistent practice is essential to developing muscle memory and fine-tuning bowling techniques.
  • Maintaining concentration and focus during the delivery stride is crucial to minimise the risk of errant deliveries.
  • Paying attention to grip, body position, and follow-through can help bowlers maintain accuracy and control.

Impact on the Match Outcome

Finally, the impact of beamers on the outcome of the match at the cricket level is also considerable depending on the frequency. Especially if a batsman is injured as a result of a beamer that puts the opponent short of a player to finish the match inning. The beamer delivery, while also violating the code of conduct, undermines the balance of a match every time.

In addition, the punishment inflicted on the bowler, such as suspension from bowling freights for a specific number of overs or ejection from the game due to multiple convictions, can also influence the outcome of the game. The inability of their team to employ a more experienced bowler interrupts their bowling tactics and makes them find alternatives that may not be as productive. Sometimes, the bowling performance might be weakened, resulting in the possible chance-capitalistic runs by the other team, inherently enhancing their chances of winning the game.


In cricket, a beamer refers to a dangerous delivery bowled from the fast bowler, and the ball passes the batsman at head height or above before bouncing on the pitch. Beamers are dangerous deliveries in cricket as they have the potential to cause injury to the batsman, especially in the head or upper body. Beamers are usually accidental; however, they can have dire consequences for the bowler, such as a penalty, fines, or being ruled out. Cricket is a game that emphasises player safety by incorporating rules that seek to deter beamers and other dangerous play. It demonstrates the significance of skill, judgement, and maintaining the right bowling techniques to prevent tragic events in the game.